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Rhodiola rosea – a natural adaptogen and nootropic

Rhodiola rosea, commonly known as rose root, golden root, or Aaron’s rod, is a natural adaptogen and nootropic substance mainly used to boost the mental concentration, improve the mood, alleviate stress, and reduce fatigue. This plant could usually be found in high mountain areas where regions are cold, including the mountains of Central Asia, the more »
 

Choline pills as the ultimate Nootropic Supplement

For those who wish to try the latest wonders from the nootropic world, Choline pills would be the right choice, which brings a solid foundation to neuroscience and medicine. In general, choline supplements are necessary for your brain to synthesize Acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter to various brain functions, including conscious thought and memory. Choline supplements more »
 

A review of Pemoline: effects, side effects, dosage and results

Pemoline is a nootropic substance with a tradition of about a hundred years. It was first synthesized in 1913 and used as a prescription medicine under numerous market names. Its use was focused on the treatment of children with ADHD and its mechanism aimed towards the stimulation of the central nervous system and increasing attention more »
 

Nefiracetam review

Nefiracetam is relatively a new member of the Racetam family of nootropics, which is used for boosting the brain power. This substance increases the activity in certain parts of the brain and brings the desired cognitive function to individuals who wish to enhance their memory capability. Since Nefiracetam is still new, its market availability is more »
 

Synaptol – a homeopathic nootropic supplement

Homeopathic supplements have recently gained popularity for being extremely safe and adaptable to anyone who wishes to use it. This is fairly supported by the fact that these supplements are available without prescription, enlisting them as OTC (over-the-counter) preparations. An example of a homeopathic preparation is Synaptol, which is a nootropic supplement for the treatment more »
 

Piracetam – Side Effects and their prevention

Piracetam is probably the most well-known nootropic drug from the Racetam group, as well as among from other members of nootropic families. By being the first Racetam ever developed, Piracetam has gone under numerous studies for safety, effects, and toxicity. All studies have suggested that this nootropic substance is regarded generally as safe. Yet, like more »
 

Yamabushitake Mushroom’s Top Benefits

Yamabushitake represents a medicinal mushroom, with a significant benefits aimed towards the neurological function of an individual. The name was derived from the latern term Hericium erinaceus and it also has a couple of recognizable names such as Monkey Head Mushroom, and Lion’s Mane. This amazing mushroom has many neurological benefits. It is rich in more »
 

Yerba Mate – an exquisite alternative to coffee and green tea

How many times have you drunk a liter of coffee just to stay awake and study for tomorrow’s exam? Probably a couple of times, at least, because every student uses coffee to boost the energy and prepare for a certain exam. The bad side of it comes when you drink lots of coffee and then more »
 

Side effects of Armodafinil

Along with other nootropic and smart drug substances, armodafinil is an excellent example of an effective chemical which benefits your brain in the terms of cognitive function and memory. If you wish to start an armodafinil nootropic treatment and yet you want to be aware of potential side effects of this substance, then you are more »
 

Centrophenoxine – effects and side effects

Centrophenoxine represents a nootropic chemical which is sold in different countries under the same name, Lucidril. Its benefits are mostly aimed towards elderly people who use this supplement in order to fight cognitive denial which comes with age. This nootropic protects the brain from many damages caused by various toxins. This article will show the more »
 

Picamilon – A Combination of Vitamin B3 & GABA

Picamilon represents a synthetic combination of the GABA neurotransmitter and vitamin B3, also known as niacin. This nootropic substance has the capability of providing vasodilatatory and anxiolytic effects which can offer many benefits to consumers. This substance was first developed in the former U.S.S.R. and actually represents an enhanced form of the neurotransmitter GABA and more »
 

Bacopa – A Herbal Gem of Ayurvedic Medicine

Nature has given its best when it comes to natural medicine and dietary products. As a natural nootropic remedy, Bacopa represents a herbal nootropic gem of Ayurvedic medicine, an Indian alternative medicine. Bacopa monnieri, or Bacopa, is recommended traditionally for epilepsy, asthma and memory enhancement. The medical classification of this herb puts it in the more »
 

Sunifiram – A complete Review Reveals What Stands Behind This Nootropic

Sunifiram represents a new generation of nootropics which already have a bright future in this market, showing promising and successful results. This nootropic belongs to the ampakine group of substances, and is an AMPA agonist, which means that it mimics the neurotransmitter effect of glutamate. Several reviews have suggested that this substance is similar to more »
 

Vinpocetine Overview – Effectiveness & Benefits

In a previous article about vincamine, we touched the topic of natural nootropics which are derived from plants and are mostly preferred by those who are sceptical when it comes to synthesized products. We have mentioned that a vincamine derivative, called vinpocetine, is more popular than its predecessor, when it comes to effectiveness and benefits. more »
 

Vincamine – A Natural Brain Nootropic

Most people believe that nature has offered us only the best, so it is no wonder that a certain part of the population still favors natural products when it comes to nootropics. Some prefer natural substances to the synthesized ones, and that is completely normal because every market has the right treatment and product for more »
 

Benefits of Pramiracetam

Success represents an essential driving force to every modern man or a woman who wishes to leave a significant mark in the field of business. And whether you are a student or a business worker, achieving success is a difficult goal which asks a lot of given effort from an individual. Therefore, failure is not more »
 

Adrafinil Side Effects

Adrafinil has proven to be one of the best nootropic substances available, by achieving astonishing popularity in the last couple of years. Designed in the middle 1980’s, it has gained its popularity just until recently, when it caught tremendous attention of U.S. population. Its cognitive enhancing effect has lured the consumers, with a promising results more »
 

Noopept Side Effects

It is no wonder that people who are using nootropics, especially students, tend to experiment with much higher doses than recommended. It may be because the exam is due tomorrow and that there is no possible way to learn and memorize the next two hundred pages in less than a day. Some of these individuals more »
 

Common Aniracetam Side Effects

This article will show an overview of aniracetam side effects. Besides aniracetam, other racetams show similar side effects because they all have a similar mechanism of action and are similar in chemical structures. It is strongly advisable to consult your pharmacist, or a physician, before using aniracetam, or any other nootropic supplement. Headaches Aniracetam is more »
 

A Review of Pyritinol

Pyritinol represents a semi-natural nootropic substance which is synthesized from vitamin B6, or pyridoxine. First synthesis was performed in the 1960’s and since then, it has been prescribed for various neurological conditions worldwide. In many other countries, including the United States, pyritinol is available as an OTC medicine (over-the-counter), which can be bought without a more »
 

A Review of Cerebrolysin

When it comes to newly developed nootropic substances, cerebrolysin is a great new nootropic for memory enhacement. It represents a medicine based on a peptide structure, completely derived from poricine brain proteins, which shows a positive neuroprotective and neurotrophic activity. This alows individuals to use cerebrolysin effectively for enhancing their memory, cognitive abilities and mental more »
 

Acetylcholine and Cognitive Function

Many of us have probably never heard of acetylcholine or perhaps have only heard about it on the context of Myasthenia Gravis and Alzheimer’s Disease. But do you know how important acetylcholine is, especially for an individual’s cognitive function? What is Acetylcholine? Acetylcholine is a common neurotransmitter and most predominant in the peripheral nervous system. more »
 

Why Do Some People Experience Headaches When Using Nootropics

Many people complain of headaches when using nootropics, especially racetams and cholinergics. There have been cases of other side effects as well like nausea and restlessness, but headaches seem to be the most frequently occurring side effect. It can be really irritating for the user if he/she gets headaches while trying to improve mental functioning. more »
 

Acetylcholine/Choline Precursors to Stack with Racetams

Racetams are special types of nootropics that have a pyrrolidone nucleus and their primary purpose is to enhance different cognitive and mental functions. By using racetam supplements, one can enhance his/her focus, attention span, concentration and mood. One of the most well-known and commonly used racetams is piracetam, which is used in several countries to more »
 

Acetylcholine deficiency – Fight it with Nootropics

Acetylcholine, chemically, is an organic molecule (molecule containing a carbon-carbon or carbon-hydrogen bond). Its function is to behave like a neurotransmitter among humans and other living organisms. Neurotransmitters are chemicals produced inside the body that aid in transmitting electric signals from a neuron or a nerve ending to another target cell across a junction, known more »
 

Improve the functioning of your brain with Huperzine A

Huperzine A is an alkaloid compound, with basic nitrogen atoms, naturally found in the plant species, fermoss (chemical name: Huperzia). Generally, the Chinese club moss is used to extract and purify huperzine A with the help of laboratory manipulation. This herbal supplement has many nootropic benefits for humans and deals directly with memory and brain’s more »
 

Why your Body & Brain Needs more Tryptophan

Tryptophan is one of the 22 different naturally occurring basic units of proteins (amino acids) found in the human body. Chemically, it is represented as C11H12N2O2 and is categorized as an ‘essential amino acid’. Essential amino acids are the ones that are needed by the body but are not produced within the body and are more »
 

Noopept vs. Pramiracetam

Both noopept and pramiracetam are effective in improving memory as well as enhancing cognition and focus. While pramiracetam belongs to the racetam family, noopept is a similarly structured supplement that doesn’t belong to this family. But, understanding this basic difference isn’t enough to determine which one would work best for you. By comparing the benefits more »
 

Dopamine and Nootropics-The Good and the Not-So-Good

When talking about nootropics, it’s simply impossible to miss the mention of acetylcholine or the cholinergic system. In fact, most nootropics specifically target the cholinergic system and glutamatergic system to enhance cognitive function while reducing the risk of side effects, tolerance as well as dependence. Just like acetylcholine, dopamine is yet another nootropic neurotransmitter that more »
 

How Safe Is the Use of Ampakines Like Sunifiram and Unifiram?

Sunifiram is a popular and fairly new nootropic that belongs to the “ampakines” family. While most reports have led to consistent and positive results, many ampakines haven’t still been thoroughly studied. Some clinical tests in animals have been done to study the effects of sunifiram. These tests have revealed positive effects associated with this nootropic’s more »
 

A Review of Adrafinil

Belonging to the “eurgeroic” family, adrafinil breaks down into modafinil within your liver. The two substances have similar properties and act as wakefulness enhancers. While modafinil is broadly available, adrafinil isn’t currently regulated in the US and can be bought privately from certain sources like this one. Since this powerful substance can have unpleasant effects, more »
 

An In-Depth Review of Citicoline

Citicoline is considered a pro-supplement for both choline and uridine. It confers both choline and uridine into your body after its oral ingestion. This supplement first dissociates into choline and cytidine, and later, cytidine converts into uridine. Citicoline is known to prevent or treat memory impairments linked with aging because the two molecules conferred by more »
 

An In-Depth Review of Sulbutiamine

Sulbutiamine is a synthetic molecule that consists of two Thiamine molecules that are tightly held by a sulfur group. Developed in Japan, sulbutiamine serves as a more effective version of vitamin B1. Compared with vitamin B1, this powerful supplement is highly effective in crossing the blood brain barrier. This may explain why, it has stronger more »
 

A Review of Noopept

With similar structure to the racetam family, noopept is a popular peptide-derived nootropic that is known for its high bioavailability. Compared with Piracetam, noopept is taken at a reduced oral dose i.e. 10-30 mg on a regular basis and is known to yield subtle psychostimulatory effects. Although it may be wrong to label noopept as more »
 

Alpha GPC Citicoline Comparision

Both citicoline and alpha GPC are effective in improving memory and accelerating learning. But, you may find it difficult to determine which one would work best for you. By comparing the benefits and method of action of each supplement, you can make a well-informed decision. Method of Action Although both the nootropics achieve the same more »
 

Top 5 Best Choline Supplements

Choline is essential for healthy function in every-day life. Most people with healthy diets get enough natural choline to keep the brain and body running at required levels. Regardless, some people look into supplementing choline for other various reasons. Choline supplementation is an area of interest to racetam nootropic users. This is because certain choline more »
 

Acetylcholinesterase Inhibiting Nootropics & Their Benefits

Acetylcholinersterase is an enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine within the brain. Acetylcholine is the target neurotransmitter of many nootropic supplements. Having higher than normal levels of acetylcholinesterase may have negative effects on the cholinergic system and cognitive functioning in general. Acetylcholine & Acetylcholinesterase Relationship Acetylcholine is prominent not only in cognitive functioning, but also muscle more »
 

An In-depth Review of Coluracetam

Coluracetam is a new nootropic compound that is relatively new to the scene. Like piracetam, it belongs to the racetam family. It has undergone some research as a possible Alzheimer’s treatment however some of the clinical evidence is inconclusive. Coluracetam is much higher in potency than other racetams. An effective dosage as a nootropic seems more »
 

A Complete List of Nootropic Supplements

There are several groups of nootropics. This list will hopefully give you a big picture of the types of nootropics in each category. If we need to add onto this list please don’t hesitate to contact us. Some of the new research nootropics such as are not on this list due to their limited availability more »
 

Lion’s Mane Mushroom – A Supplement for Nerve Growth Factor

Hericium erinaceus, nicknamed, the “lions mane” mushroom is a medicinal mushroom that may have great benefits for the brain. This highly edible mushroom can be grown commercially and is often available commercially in Asian marketplaces in both fresh and dried forms. Lion’s mane has been used for many centuries by the Chinese due to its more »
 
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